What Goes Into an Appraisal?
Buying a home can be the biggest financial decision some people may ever consider. Whether it's a main residence, a second vacation home or an investment, the purchase of real property is an involved financial transaction that requires multiple people working in concert to make it all happen.
Most of the participants are quite familiar. The most familiar entity in the transaction is the real estate agent. Then, the lender provides the financial capital needed to bankroll the transaction. And ensuring all requirements of the sale are completed and that the title is clear to transfer from the seller to the purchaser is the title company.
So, what party is responsible for making sure the value of the real estate is consistent with the amount being paid? In comes the appraiser. We provide an unbiased estimate of what a buyer could expect to pay — or a seller receive — for a property, where both buyer and seller are informed parties. A licensed, certified, professional appraiser from Accurate Valuation LLC will ensure, you as an interested party, are informed.
Inspecting the subject property
To ascertain an accurate status of the property, it's our duty to first conduct a thorough inspection. We must see features first hand, such as the number of bedrooms and bathrooms, the location, and so on, to ensure they truly are there and are in the condition a typical buyer would expect them to be. To ensure the stated size of the property has not been misrepresented and illustrate the layout of the home, the inspection often entails creating a sketch of the floorplan. Most importantly, the appraiser looks for any obvious amenities - or defects - that would affect the value of the property.
Back at the office, an appraiser uses two or three approaches to determining the value of the property: a paired sales analysis, a replacement cost calculation, and an income approach when rental properties are prevalent.
This is where we pull information on local building costs, the cost of labor and other elements to determine how much it would cost to build a property nearly identical to the one being appraised. This value often sets the upper limit on what a property would sell for. It's also the least used method.
Appraisers get to know the communities in which they work. They innately understand the value of particular features to the homeowners of that area. Then, the appraiser researches recent sales in close proximity to the subject and finds properties which are 'comparable' to the home being appraised. Using knowledge of the value of certain items such as fireplaces, room layout, appliance upgrades, extra bathrooms or bedrooms, or quality of construction, we add or subtract from each comparable's sales price so that they are more accurately in line with the features of subject property.
Once all necessary adjustments have been made, the appraiser reconciles the adjusted sales prices of all the comps and then derives an opinion of what the subject could sell for. At Accurate Valuation LLC, we are an authority in knowing the worth of real estate features in Wellington and Larimer County neighborhoods. The sales comparison approach to value is most often given the most importance when an appraisal is for a real estate purchase.
Valuation Using the Income Approach
A third way of valuing a house is sometimes employed when an area has a reasonable number of rental properties. In this situation, the amount of revenue the property produces is taken into consideration along with income produced by neighboring properties to give an indicator of the current value.
The Bottom Line
Analyzing the data from all approaches, the appraiser is then ready to put down an estimated market value for the subject property. The estimate of value on the appraisal report is not necessarily what's being paid for the property even though it is likely the best indication of a property's valueIt's not uncommon for prices to be driven up or down by extenuating circumstances like the motivation or urgency of a seller or 'bidding wars'. Regardless, the appraised value is typically used as a guideline for lenders who don't want to loan a buyer more money than they could recover in case they had to sell the property again. Here's what it all boils down to, an appraiser from Accurate Valuation LLC will help you get the most accurate property value, so you can make profitable real estate decisions.